What does three-phase charging mean and which electric cars can charge 3-phase? We go through what three-phase charging means and what cars can charge on a 3-phase, as well as whether a 3-phase charging station is necessary at home.
Have you heard the concept of 1-phase and 3-phase in the electric car context and wondered what it means? 3-phase is the electricity that is normally drawn into a property from the electricity grid. In your wall socket at home, you have 230-volt single-phase wires. In a three-phase line, it is instead 400 volts. 3-phase is often used for appliances in the home that require a little more power, such as the stove or washing machine.
3-phase charging station
With us, you have the opportunity to choose a charging station that can charge on 1-phase or a charging station that can charge on 3-phase. How fast you can charge also depends on how many amps you choose, as well as what charge your car can receive. The picture below shows how much an electric car can charge in one hour at different power.
Electric cars and 3-phase
All-electric cars and charging hybrids charge in 1-phase. Some electric cars can also charge on 3-phase. The advantage is that it is then much faster to charge your car. Keep in mind that you will rarely come home with an empty battery. Review your driving pattern and consider whether it is enough for you to charge your car at 20 km per hour (1-phase) or if you need to charge 50 km per hour or more (3-phase).
Public three-phase charging
Do you not have the opportunity to charge your car at home overnight and depend on public charging? Then you should invest in an electric car that can charge 3-phase.
Which electric cars can charge 3-phase?
Currently, there are a limited number of cars that can charge 3-phase. Those who can do this include Tesla Model S, X and 3, BMW i3 and i3s, Porsche Taycan, Renault Zoe, Hyundai Kona (2019, optional) and Audi e-Tron.
Looking ahead, we see that more and more upcoming cars will be able to charge 3-phase. including,
- Tesla Roadster and Model Y and Cyber Truck,
- Rivian R1S and R1T,
- Ford Mustang Mach-E,
- Polestar 2,
- Audi Q4 e-Tron, e-Tron GT and e-Tron Sportback,
- BMW iX3,
- Volvo XC40 Recharge,
- Mercedes EQA,
- Mini Cooper SE,
- Honda e,
- Volkswagen ID.3,
- Sono Sion,
- Peugeot e-208,
- Kia e-Niro (2020)
- Seat El-Born.